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<nginx+PHP>nginx环境下配置支持php7

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发表于 2017-8-10 13:23:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<nginx+PHP>nginx环境下配置支持php7
[Shell] 纯文本查看 复制代码
[root@redhat7 ~]# wget [url=http://am1.php.net/get/php-7.1.2.tar.gz/from/this/mirror]http://am1.php.net/get/php-7.1.2.tar.gz/from/this/mirror[/url]
[root@redhat7 ~]# tar xzvf php-7.1.2.tar.gz
[root@redhat7 ~]# cd php-7.1.2/
[root@redhat7 ~]# ./configure--prefix=/usr/local/php --enable-fpm
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# make&&make install
查看是否成功编译安装PHP
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# php -v
PHP 7.1.2 (fpm-fcgi) (built: Apr 14 2017 20:21:53)
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies

[Shell] 纯文本查看 复制代码
编译安装完成后PHP不具备配置文件php.ini,此时只需复制php.ini-production到 /usr/local/lib/php.ini即可,php.ini文件一般在/usr/local/lib/和/etc目录下

[root@localhost php-7.1.2]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/lib/php.ini
[root@redhat7 php]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm
[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: failed to open configuration file '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf': No such file or directory (2)
[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: failed to load configuration file '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf'
[14-Apr-2017 20:59:49] ERROR: FPM initialization failed
启动php-fpm发现缺乏配置文件/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
此时只需复制php-fpm的配置文件在安装php时提供的配置文件的模版/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default到相应/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf即可

[root@redhat7 etc]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm 
[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf' from /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 125.
[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: No pool defined. at least one pool section must be specified in config file
[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: failed to post process the configuration
[14-Apr-2017 21:14:32] ERROR: FPM initialization failed

[root@redhat7 etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

[root@redhat7 etc]# cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
[root@redhat7 etc]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm 
[14-Apr-2017 21:23:02] ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:9000': Address already in use (98)
[14-Apr-2017 21:23:02] ERROR: FPM initialization failed
[root@redhat7 etc]# netstat -nldp|grep 9000
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3721/php-fpm: maste 
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/php-fpm 
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# ll /etc/init.d/php-fpm 
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2401 4月  14 21:26 /etc/init.d/php-fpm
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
Starting php-fpm [14-Apr-2017 21:28:09] ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:9000': Address already in use (98)
[14-Apr-2017 21:28:09] ERROR: FPM initialization failed
 failed
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# netstat -nldp |grep 9000
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      3721/php-fpm: maste 
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# kill 3721
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# netstat -nldp |grep 9000
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
Starting php-fpm  done
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# service php-fpm status
php-fpm (pid 3927) is running...
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chkconfig --add php-fpm
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# chkconfig php-fpm --level 345 on


配置nginx支持PHP
useradd nginx -g nginx
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 
user  nginx nginx;
worker_processes auto;

error_log   logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;
server_tokens off;
    sendfile        on;
    tcp_nopush     on;
tcp_nodelay on;
    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  30;
send_timeout 30;
    gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        charset UTF-8;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /data/webroot;
            index index.php index.html;
        }

        error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = 50x.html {
            root   /data/webroot;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   [url=http://127.0.0.1]http://127.0.0.1[/url];
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
             root           /data/webroot;
             fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
             fastcgi_index  index.php;
             fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /data/webroot/$fastcgi_script_name;
             include        fastcgi_params;
         }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   /data/webroot;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}

创建test.php测试nginx是否支持PHP
下面我们在/data/webroot这个目录下新建一个PHP页面测试网页,文件名为test.php
1 <?php  
2 phpinfo();  
3 ?>  

然后重启php和nginx
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# service php-fpm restart 
Gracefully shutting down php-fpm . done
Starting php-fpm  done
[root@redhat7 php-7.1.2]# service nginx restart 
Restarting nginx (via systemctl):                          [  确定  ]
重启PHP与nginx后  我们在浏览器中输入[url=http://192.168.42.131/test.php]http://192.168.42.131/test.php[/url]

最后将自己的网站模板放入/data/webroot下

文章来自:http://www.cnblogs.com/hsia2017/p/6711171.html



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